Filling a Niche
Pharmaceutical companies are handling more products on single production lines these days, resulting in incredible demands on filling and packaging lines. For some companies, smaller batches are the norm, challenging line operators to execute changeovers quickly and sufficiently. Machinery providers are keeping up, thankfully, offering a range of
“We are seeing requests to handle more products on one filling line, in smaller batches,” explains Uwe Kellermann, vice president of pharmaceutical applications, for Optima Machinery Corp. (Green Bay, WI; www.optima-usa.com). “Pharmaceutical companies and contract manufacturing organizations are handling more products these days.”
|Four-up configuration handles up to 100 bottles per minute. Disposable tubing reduces cleaning time and ensures no cross-contamination between product runs.|
Similarly, Walter E. Langosch, director, sales and marketing, for ESS Technologies Inc. (Blacksburg, VA; www.esstechnologies.com), has been fielding requests to build filling and handling machinery that can support multiple products. Such high turnover requires expeditious changeover.
One of the biggest headaches in changing over from one product to another is cleaning. Not only does it take time and effort, but you have got to follow a validated process, so there can be no corner-cutting.
Unless you move toward disposable components. “There is a definite trend toward use of disposable pumps and tubing to eliminate the cleaning validations required. Coupled with CIP and SIP, disposables can cut turnaround time by 50%,” says Kellermann.
Disposable nozzles, product bags, and tubing are used with peristaltic filling technology, whose latest-generation systems can compete better with positive-displacement pump filling, Langosch says. “Peristaltic pumps are suited for disposables because the only components that touch the product are the nozzles and tubing. Changing the product ‘bag-in-box,’ the tubing, and nozzle takes only minutes. There is no risk of cross contamination,” he says. But the tubing itself must be suitable for the product, while remaining malleable enough for the system to work properly, he adds.
At its first U.S. facility, contract manufacturer Vetter is using Bosch’s new MHI 2020 B fully automated vial filler. Located at the Illinois Science + Technology Park in suburban Chicago, the 24,000-sq-ft site features three cleanrooms for aseptic filling and visual inspection.
Designed to handle clinical-stage, high-value biopharmaceuticals, Vetter’s new automated vial filler can run up to 10,000 liquid or 6000 lyophilized vials per batch. Employing a Restricted Access Barrier System (RABS), the system relies on automated filling and capping to mitigate risk of contamination by minimizing human intervention. It can run a range of fill volumes, from 0.1 to 23 ml, providing flexibility.
|Optima fillers are accessible from the back of the machine. A roll-up module is also available to allow users to switch technologies.|
“Vetter’s intention is to utilize only disposable liquid path technology for various reasons: reduce potential of contamination, eliminate cleaning process of product path and of cleaning validation, and ability to get to filling customers as quickly as possible,” says David Cousins, director of sales, pharma liquid, Robert Bosch Packaging Technology Inc., Pharmaceutical Operations (www.boschpharma-us.com). “This is the first MHI 2020 B Filler capable of precise dosing (either through rolling-diaphragm or peristaltic pump dosing), stoppering, and capping,” he adds. “Vials move through the various stations via robotic handling, eliminating the potential for glass-to-glass contact during the filling operations.”
Explained Vetter’s Managing Director Peter Soelkner in a statement: “Our Chicago facility provides customers with a top-of-the-line clinical manufacturing site located in the heart of the United States. Because Vetter consistently strives to stay at the forefront of innovation, securing Bosch’s new fully automated vial filler was a natural for us.”
MULTIPLE FILLING TECHNOLOGIES
Not every product is suitable for peristaltic pump filling, and users simply may want other options. Kellermann says that Optima fillers can be developed with options for more than one technology, such as rotary-piston pumps, time-pressure fill systems, and peristaltic pumps. “We have modified our systems to offer interchangeability,” he explains. “Users can take the whole filling system out in one hour and change from peristaltic to time pressure, for instance.”
Making the change within a RABS isn’t as easy, however, he explains.
Optima has also made the filling station accessible from the back of the machine and added a transport and lift system for easy access. A roll-up module is also available to allow users to switch to peristaltic technology if needed, Kellermann explains.
ESS Technologies can also offer two filling or product delivery systems on one machine. “We can also add a servo-driven auger filler or even a tablet filler, if requested.” When asked whether customers have sought equipment that can regularly switch from liquids to powders to tablets, Langosch says “no, but theoretically it is possible.”
ESS employs 100% net-weigh filling on its star wheel-based system. “As the container enters the star wheel, it travels over a cell to capture the tare, then moves through the filling station, then indexes to another weighing station to capture the fill weight,” explains Langosch. “We designed the process to be extremely accurate and have added a feedback loop to allow pump adjustment on the fly.” Because of the intermittent motion, there are speed limitations, and smaller volumes typically mean faster speeds. The number of weigh cells can be doubled to increase throughput, however.
Accuracy, however, can be a time saver. “You can greatly reduce the rework or scrap by addressing issues inline before containers leave the machine, and that’s where our feedback loop comes in,” Langosch adds.
Optima begins its monitoring with net-weigh filling, switches to in-process control, and then back to net weighing. Such sequencing enables Optima to minimize product waste during priming, which can be a concern for high-value biologicals, says Kellermann.
Optima systems also monitor seal force/torque as well as stopper pressure and crimping in-process.
ESS uses product and component detection systems throughout filling and assembly, Langosch reports. “We can verify that the pump has triggered and cycled, and we can then detect streams and placement of stoppers, caps, and overcaps.”
|Monoblock Filler/Capper for Micro-tubes with netweigh filling system fills up to 100 micro-tubes per minute.|
ESS recently developed servo torque technology for the final torque at a second station. “It allows customers to customize the final torque needed, and our in-process monitoring allows us to track the torque of every cap,” he adds.
Langosch reports that changeover time convinced one customer to opt for ESS equipment. “One customer picked our HMI-controlled system with 10-minute changeover over a system with a 20-minute changeover. The HMI controls all servo-driven functions, which include nozzle diving, filling, capping, and torquing.”
Ten minutes may not sound like a much of deal maker, unless you hear Langosch’s explanation: “If one shift has three changeovers, you save 30 minutes per shift. If you only run one-shift per day, 250 days per year, you save enough time to run 15 extra days of production.”